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The purpose of this paper is to show, through oral sources, how modernity and globalization are rapidly gaining ground among the indigenous inhabitants of the Ecuadorian Amazon and how this is affecting the identity and conception of reality of these peoples. In this paper, we use the province of Pastaza in Ecuador as a reference, especially the Arajuno Canton during the period from 1990-2010, a recent chronological period that reveals the enormous change undergone by this region in recent times. They have always been depressed parts of eastern Ecuador because of its dense forest and the low strategic and economic value this region has always had. But now, with the new extraction technologies, it is becoming a zone of conflict between multinationals, the state and settlers. On the other hand, thanks to the low interest generated by this place in the past, indigenous groups have been able to keep their cultures and identities almost intact (I say almost because these characteristics are malleable and vulnerable to change as I will now show).

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